-Medical Kits and Supplies.
- Hygiene and Sanitation
This book is a major revision of the Survival Medicine FAQ’s (Frequently Asked Questions) 1997. It was written in response to recurring posts asking the same questions and the fact that many answers were often wrong and occasionally dangerous.
Chapter 1 Introduction Chapter 2 What do I need to know & how do I learn it?
Chapter 3 Organisation Chapter 4 Medical kits
Chapter 5 Antibiotics Chapter 6 Sterilisation and disinfection Chapter 7 The basic laboratory
Chapter 8 Herbal and Botanical medicine Chapter 10 Medical aspects of shelter living
Chapter 11 Long-term survival medicine Chapter 12 Woman’s Health Issues
Chapter 14 Wound closure and suturing Chapter 15 Austere Dental care
Chapter 16 Nursing care in an austere environment Chapter 17 Frequently asked questions
If you start administering medical or surgical treatments without the appropriate skills you will kill someone. Even in emergency situations often no action is better than uninformed and untrained action
First Aid Kit:
In contrast with the IFAK, which is meant to provide immediate, temporary treatment to life-threatening injuries, a general first aid kit should include items used to treat minor cuts, stings and burns. A minor cut may not seem like a big deal, but if left untreated it can become infected.
Items for treating foot-related ailments should not be overlooked. Foot powder or baby powder can be used to keep feet dry and healthy. Moleskin can be used to isolate blisters and prevent them from becoming worse. Waterlogged or blistered feet can make an already stressful experience soul-crushing.
The Individual First Aid Kit contains items meant to be applied to the carrier by a friendly third party in order to treat the most common and deadly types of battlefield injuries and prevent death until more comprehensive medical care can be sought. Since the leading cause of death related to battlefield injuries is blood loss, the items contained in the IFAK should be focused on staunching the flow of blood. Tactical Combat Casualty Care will be taught during the course of this guide. In the meantime, a basic IFAK should contain the following items at a minimum:
Compression Bandage (Israeli or OLAES)
Hemostatic Agent (Celox or QuikClot)
This will allow for the treatment of massive blood loss injuries. As funds and availability allow, the following items can be added in order to treat wounds to the chest cavity and respiratory system:
Chest Seals (x2)
Chest Decompression Needle
Choosing a Wilderness Medical Kit: The Basics [Guidelines]
By Who - For Who - How long - Where - How much.
- Kit Capabilities 4.Expense
5.Safety 6.Accountability and Security
Medical Kit System Overview [ A bunch of lists, Advanced, please ask your doctor before hand]
1.- Minimum Module 2.- Advance Module
3.- Search Module 4.- Physician Addendum
Tourniquets, Wound Packing, Chest Seals
PREVENTING FOOT INJURY:
The feet are one of the most essential parts of the body to keep healthy for anyone performing light infantry tasks. Foot injuries are simple to prevent, but once they happen they pose a serious risk to safety and morale.
The first key to the prevention of foot injuries, such as sprains, blisters and infections, is to have the proper footwear. Boots should be supportive and snug enough not to allow free movement of the foot within the boot, but have enough spare room to accommodate a bit of swelling. Boots with a breathable construction will allow foot sweat to dissipate.
Socks are equally important. Wool socks are best because they wick moisture away from the foot, and synthetic or blended socks will dry more quickly than pure cotton. Pure cotton socks are to be avoided if at all possible.
As necessary, change wet socks and boots out for dry ones.
Preventing friction and moisture is best, but blisters are a given until one’s feet are conditioned for long marches. When hot spots form, they can be covered with bandaids, tape or moleskin to prevent further rubbing.
Moleskin is a type of protective padding that isolates a blister. To use it, cut out a piece slightly larger than the blister, then cut a hole in that piece the size of the blister and place it around the affected area.
Blisters should not be popped. Instead, thread a sowing needle with a few inches of cotton thread, then sterilize both using alcohol or boiling water. Push the needle through one end of the blister roof and out the other side, leaving about a half inch of thread on both sides. Cut the needle off the thread, then clean and cover the area. The thread will act as a wick to draw out the fluid without exposing the raw skin underneath or creating an environment prone to infection.
(ROT = RULE OF THUMB)
(SPHA = SEEK PROFESSIONAL HELP ASAP)
Treatment of critical bleeding:
- Check the patients condition:
-Responsive? Is able to speak?
-If conscious, check for shock/state of mind
-[ROT] If the patient can respond to your questions, patient can usually be classified as non-critical
-Any visual un-normalaties (pale skin, visible damage, etc)? → Can be a clue to your way of treatment.
-Check the pupils if the situation is not critical
-Largened pupils = possible medication/subtance use
-Eyes moving a lot = possible head injury (SPHA)
- Scan for major damage (if the patient is unconscious)
-Major arteries (i.e. neck, wrists, groin-area…)
-If visual bleeding:
-Take your belt, or make a DIY-bandage from shirt etc.
Wrap around ABOVE the wound ([ROT] to close bloodflow) and put a solid, long object (solid branch, i.e.)
between the wrap and the leg. Twist this “valve” to close the artery.
! IMPORTANT: DO NOT OPEN THE WRAP !
Especially if it has been on the patient longer than 20 mins,
if you loosen a tourniquet you’ll likely send a shower of boot clots through the body and can trigger strokes or heart attacks by doing so.
the “old” blood in the “closed” limb may been toxified, thus poisoning the body.
-After this, SPHA
(Editors note to reader: do not try this yourself without practise.)
The importance of it because all the illness from the lack of sanitation which historically killed more people after disasters than any crime.
-Modify your own bathroom, you can still use your toilet but first you need to shut off the water valve behind the toilet, remove the water of the toiler container (this water is safe to use btw) and from the toilet bowl. Then you can double line the toilet bowl with a heavy duty garbage bag, use detailed in the video.
-Disaster Toilet, only 25$ , detailed in the video.
-Toilets which can be bought.
-Article about ChristChurch, NZ, long term compost toilets: http://waterscape.co.nz/208/
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