Rosa Luxemburg

Rosa Luxemburg (aka Róża Luksemburg; aka Rozalia Luksenburg) was a Jewish Marxist, philosopher, economist, “anti-war activist” and revolutionary socialist.

Luxemburg was born in 1871 in Zamość. The Luxemburg family were wealthy Polish Jews living in Russian-controlled Poland. After being bed bound with a hip problem at the age of five, she was left with a permanent limp.

With fellow Jew Leo Jogiches she founded the Social Democracy of the Kingdom of Poland and Lithuania party. Its goal was to create a Marxist Polish Republic. Luxemburg wanted to help export communism to Germany, so a fake marriage to a German Jew was arranged.

She founded and led the Communist Party of Germany (KPD) with fellow Jew Karl Liebknecht. Luxemburg supported the new KPD’s participation in the Weimar National Assembly that founded the Weimar Republic.

In January 1919, a second revolutionary wave swept Berlin. On New Year’s Day, Luxemburg declared:
“Today we can seriously set about destroying capitalism once and for all.”

Like Liebknecht, Luxemburg supported the violent putsch attempt. Her paper ‘The Red Flag’ printed a public statement by her, in which she called for revolutionary violence and no negotiations with the revolution’s “mortal enemies”, the Friedrich Ebert-Philipp Scheidemann government.

The Freikorps were ordered by the government to crush the left-wing revolution. Luxemburg’s Red Flag falsely claimed that the rebellion was spreading across Germany.
Luxemburg called for the murder of Scheidemann’s supporters and said they had earned their fate.

Luxemburg and Liebknecht were captured in Berlin on 15 January 1919 by a Freikorps. Luxemburg was knocked down with a rifle butt, and then shot in the head. Her body was flung into Berlin’s Landwehr Canal. In the Tiergarten, Liebknecht was shot and his body was raken to a morgue.

Had the communist Revolution succeeded the German population would have suffered the same cruel fate that befell the Russian population, and indeed all the peoples of Eastern Europe.