(ROT = RULE OF THUMB)
(SPHA = SEEK PROFESSIONAL HELP ASAP)
Treatment of critical bleeding:
Check the patients condition:
-Responsive? Is able to speak?
-If conscious, check for shock/state of mind
-[ROT] If the patient can respond to your questions, patient can usually be classified as non-critical
-Any visual un-normalaties (pale skin, visible damage, etc)? → Can be a clue to your way of treatment.
-Check the pupils if the situation is not critical
-Largened pupils = possible medication/subtance use
-Eyes moving a lot = possible head injury (SPHA)
Scan for major damage (if the patient is unconscious)
-Major arteries (i.e. neck, wrists, groin-area…)
-If visual bleeding:
-Take your belt, or make a DIY-bandage from shirt etc.
Wrap around ABOVE the wound ([ROT] to close bloodflow) and put a solid, long object (solid branch, i.e.)
between the wrap and the leg. Twist this “valve” to close the artery.
! IMPORTANT: DO NOT OPEN THE WRAP !
Especially if it has been on the patient longer than 20 mins,
if you loosen a tourniquet you’ll likely send a shower of boot clots through the body and can trigger strokes or heart attacks by doing so.
the “old” blood in the “closed” limb may been toxified, thus poisoning the body.
-After this, SPHA
(Editors note to reader: do not try this yourself without practise.)